Table 2:

Maternal and neonatal outcomes in First Nation and other pregnancies in people with diabetes compared with those without diabetes*

VariableRelative risk (95% CI)p value for interaction
First Nation with type 2 diabetes v. diabetes-free matchesOther Manitobans with type 2 diabetes v. diabetes-free matches
Maternal outcomes
 Cesarean delivery2.34 (2.07–2.65)1.77 (1.58–1.97)< 0.001
 Operative vaginal delivery1.40 (1.00–1.95)0.90 (0.66–1.23)0.6
 Induction1.97 (1.80–2.16)2.09 (1.86–2.35)0.4
 Mortality or morbidity0.83 (0.36–1.93)1.18 (0.59–2.35)0.5
Neonatal outcomes
 Preterm delivery3.99 (3.37–4.73)4.19 (3.38–5.20)0.3
 Early preterm delivery2.68 (1.85–3.90)1.94 (1.14–3.29)0.7
 Large for gestational age2.90 (2.58–3.27)2.42 (2.03–2.88)0.09
 Small for gestational age0.41 (0.28–0.60)0.85 (0.63–1.15)0.003
 Birth trauma6.25 (2.58–15.15)5.24 (2.21–12.45)0.8
 NICU admission3.93 (3.32–4.65)3.42 (2.82–4.15)0.3
 Neonatal readmission1.60 (1.12–2.29)0.88 (0.53–1.49)0.07
 Congenital malformation3.61 (2.55–5.12)2.72 (1.67–4.43)0.4
  • Note: CI = confidence interval, NICU = neonatal intensive care unit.

  • * Boldface font indicates statistical significance.