Table 3:

Adjusted associations between socioeconomic characteristics and total number of stressors* among participants (n = 21 605) of the Canadian Longitudinal Study on Aging (CLSA) at the time of the CLSA COVID-19 Questionnaire exit survey (September–December 2020)

CharacteristicAdjusted PR (95% CI)
Sex
 Male1.00
 Female1.20 (1.17–1.23)
Age group, yr
 50–641.00
 65–740.86 (0.84–0.89)
 75–960.70 (0.67–0.73)
Racial background
 White1.00
 Nonwhite0.91 (0.85–0.98)
Education
 Secondary school graduation or less0.89 (0.86–0.92)
 Some postsecondary education0.99 (0.95–1.04)
 Postsecondary degree or diploma1.00
Household income, $
 < 500001.04 (1.00–1.08)
 50 000–99 9991.01 (0.98–1.05)
 100 000–149 9991.00
 ≥ 1500000.99 (0.95–1.02)
Region
 Atlantic1.00
 Quebec0.86 (0.82–0.89)
 Ontario1.17 (1.13–1.22)
 Prairies1.07 (1.03–1.11)
 British Columbia1.12 (1.07–1.16)
Marital status
 Single (never married or never lived with partner)0.94 (0.90–0.98)
 Married or common-law relationship1.00
 Widowed0.92 (0.88–0.97)
 Divorced or separated1.02 (0.98–1.06)
Essential worker status
 Does not work outside the home1.00
 Essential worker1.02 (0.98–1.06)
 Not essential worker1.08 (1.05–1.12)
Urban or rural status
 Urban1.00
 Rural0.99 (0.96–1.02)
  • Note: CI = confidence interval, PR = prevalence ratio.

  • * The total number of stressors was calculated by summing reported stressors (range 0–12).

  • Adjusted for all other variables listed in the table: sex, age group, racial background, education, household income, region, marital status, essential worker status and urban or rural status.