Table 2:

Clinical characteristics at the time of presentation to hospital

CharacteristicNo. (%)*
All patients
n = 100
Non-ICU patients
n = 68
ICU patients
n = 32
Presenting symptom for > 20% of patients
 Cough71 (71.0)50 (73.5)21 (65.6)
 Fever62 (62.0)37 (54.4)25 (78.1)
 Dyspnea63 (63.0)40 (58.8)23 (71.9)
 Fatigue51 (51.0)35 (51.5)16 (50.0)
 Diarrhea32 (32.0)23 (33.8)9 (28.1)
 Myalgia25 (25.0)13 (19.1)12 (37.5)
 Headache23 (23.0)13 (19.1)10 (31.3)
Vital signs at hospital presentation
 Temperature > 38°C36/98 (36.7)19/67 (28.4)17/31 (54.8)
 Heart rate > 100 beats/min31/96 (32.3)18/66 (27.3)13/30 (43.3)
 Systolic blood pressure < 90 mm Hg3/98 (3.1)2/67 (3.0)1/30 (3.3)
 Respiratory rate > 24 breaths/min42/95 (44.2)23/67 (34.3)19/28 (67.9)
 Oxygen saturation < 92%20/98 (20.4)8/67 (11.9)12/31 (38.7)
 Supplemental oxygen therapy at clinical presentation35/99 (35.4)18/67 (26.9)17/32 (53.1)
Laboratory results at hospital presentation, mean ± SD
 Leukocyte count, ×109/L10.6 ± 13.211.0 ± 15.410.0 ± 6.1
 Lymphocyte count, ×109/L3.3 ± 12.94.2 ± 15.51.3 ± 1.3
 Creatinine, μmol/L110.5 ± 80.1106.9 ± 62.6118.5 ± 110.8
 LDH, U/L416.3 ± 253.0367.4 ± 177.5563.0 ± 391.1
 Ferritin, μg/L1702.6 ± 2154.41772.1 ± 2372.31424.4 ± 998.2
 CRP, mg/L97.6 ± 83.587.9 ± 75.8126.8 ± 101.9
 d-dimer, μg/L1198.9 ± 1311.5956.0 ± 789.41603.7 ± 2093.1
 Troponin, ng/L31.8 ± 42.136.3 ± 46.818.1 ± 17.5
 Fibrinogen, g/L7.5 ± 0.57.4 ± 0.7
 pH on blood gas7.4 ± 0.17.4 ± 0.17.4 ± 0.1
  • Note: CRP = C-reactive protein, ICU = intensive care unit, LDH = lactate dehydrogenase, SD = standard deviation.

  • * Unless stated otherwise.

  • One data point only.