Table 2:

Three-year incidence and risk of depression, stratified by immigration and diabetes status

VariableNo. (%) of participantsWeighted OR (95% CI)*
DepressionNo depressionTotalCrudeAdjusted
 Diabetes60 (9.7)556 (90.3)6161.19 (0.86–1.65)
 No diabetes265 (8.4)2885 (91.6)3150
 Diabetes279 (10.6)2360 (89.4)26391.35 (1.15–1.57)
 No diabetes1200 (8.4)13 035 (91.6)14 318
Diabetes v. no diabetes1.18 (1.01–1.37)
Interaction effect of immigration status and diabetes at baseline
Immigrant with diabetes v. immigrant without diabetes1.12 (0.80–1.56)
Immigrant with diabetes v. nonimmigrant with diabetes1.01 (0.72–1.41)
Immigrant without diabetes v. nonimmigrant without diabetes1.15 (0.98–1.35)
Nonimmigrant with diabetes v. nonimmigrant without diabetes1.27 (1.08–1.49)
  • Note: CI = confidence interval, OR = odds ratio.

  • * The model included all the variables listed in Appendix 1, Table 1. Immigration status, sex and age were forced in all models. We removed other variables that were not significant (p > 0.5), which did not affect the Bayesian Information Criterion upon inclusion and which did not modify the effect of the main exposure variable by more than 10%. Survey weights were provided by the Canadian Longitudinal Study on Aging. The full model is available in Appendix 1, Table 2.