Table 4:

Characteristics of respondents with and without a regular primary care provider

CharacteristicProportion of respondents, % (95% CI)*
Has primary care providerNo primary care provider
Overall proportion, %89.011.0
Age, yr
 50–5950.7 (48.6–52.8)73.4 (67.5–79.2)
 60–7449.3 (47.2–51.4)26.7 (20.8–32.5)
Sex
 Male51.4 (50.3–53.6)33.5 (26.7–40.1)
 Female48.6 (47.4–49.7)66.5 (59.9–73.1)
Marital status
 Widowed, divorced, separated or single23.0 (21.1–24.8)39.9 (32.2–47.7)
 Married or common law77.0 (75.2–78.9)60.1 (52.3–67.9)
Education
 Less than secondary graduation10.9 (9.5–12.3)19.3 (13.1–25.5)
 Secondary school education25.8 (23.7–27.9)20.7 (15.4–26.0)
 Postsecondary certificate or degree63.3 (61.0–65.6)60.0 (52.7–67.2)
Total household income, $
 No income or < 20 0003.5 (2.9–4.1)4.3 (2.6–6.1)
 20 000 to 39 99910.2 (8.9–11.5)14.3 (8.8–19.7)
 40 000 to 79 99925.5 (23.5–27.5)25.8 (19.6–32.0)
 ≥ 80 00060.8 (58.6–63.0)55.6 (47.9–63.3)
Race
 White86.4 (83.4–88.4)86.9 (79.1–94.7)
 Indigenous or other visible minority13.6 (11.6–15.6)13.0 (5.3–20.9)
Immigration status
 Born in Canada76.5 (74.3.–78.7)74.4 (66.2–82.6)
 Permanent or nonpermanent resident23.5 (21.9–25.7)25.6 (17.3–33.8)
Body mass index
 Normal (18.5–24.9)26.5 (24.5–28.6)33.7 (25.4–42.0)
 Overweight (25.0–29.9)40.7 (38.2–43.1)40.7 (32.0–48.5)
 Obese (≥ 30.0)32.8 (30.4–35.1)25.6 (19.3–31.9)
Moderate or vigorous physical activity, min/wk
 < 150 (inadequate)44.7 (42.2–47.2)45.7 (37.6–53.8)
 ≥ 150 (adequate)55.3 (52.8–57.8)54.3 (46.2–62.4)
Smoking status
 Never smoker46.6 (44.3–48.8)38.4 (30.4–46.4)
 Current smoker (daily or occasional)18.5 (16.6–20.4)30.6 (23.8–37.4)
 Past smoker (daily or occasional)34.9 (32.6–37.2)31.0 (24.1–37.9)
Illicit drug used in previous 12 mo6.0 (4.9–7.2)13.5 (8.5–18.6)
General health
 Poor or fair14.0 (12.6–15.4)13.0 (6.5–19.4)
 Good27.4 (25.4–29.4)23.4 (17.9–28.8)
 Very good37.0 (34.7–39.3)38.5 (31.3–45.7)
 Excellent21.6 (19.5–23.7)25.2 (17.2–33.2)
Mammogram in previous 2 years (female)74.3 (71.5–77.2)33.0 (23.1–43.0)
FOBT in the previous 2 years48.5 (46.1–51.0)18.0 (13.0–23.0)
Colonoscopy or sigmoidoscopy in previous 5 years36.4 (34.2–38.7)17.1 (10.8–23.5)
FOBT and/or colonoscopy or sigmoidoscopy67.7 (65.3–69.9)29.4 (22.6–36.2)
  • Note: CI = confidence interval, FOBT = fecal occult blood test (either guaiac fecal occult blood test or fecal immunochemical test).

  • * Unless indicated otherwise.

  • Body mass index was calculated based on the international standard. (24)

  • Physical activity was defined based on Canadian physical activity guidelines. (25)