Table 3:

Up-to-date status for colorectal cancer screening by respondent characteristics*

CharacteristicProportion of respondents, % (95% CI)
Up to dateNot up to date
Age, yr
 50–5955.0 (51.6–58.3)45.0 (41.7–48.4)
 60–7471.6 (68.7–74.5)28.4 (25.5–31.3)
Sex
 Female61.6 (58.5–64.8)38.3 (35.2–41.5)
 Male63.6 (60.2–66.9)36.4 (33.1–39.8)
Marital status
 Widowed, divorced, separated or single55.1 (51.1–59.1)44.8 (40.9–48.9)
 Married or common law65.1 (62.3–67.9)34.9 (32.1–37.7)
Highest education attainment
 Less than secondary graduation56.0 (49.1–62.8)44.0 (37.2–50.8)
 Secondary school education62.1 (57.1–67.1)37.9 (32.9–42.9)
 Postsecondary certificate or degree64.1 (61.3–66.9)35.9 (33.1–38.7)
Total household income, $
 No income or < 20 00055.5 (47.4–63.6)44.5 (36.4–52.6)
 20 000 to 39 99960.5 (53.6–67.4)39.5 (32.5–46.4)
 40 000 to 79 99963.7 (59.6–67.8)36.3 (32.2–40.4)
 ≥ 80 00062.9 (59.8–66.0)37.0 (33.9–40.1)
Race
 White64.1 (61.8–66.4)35.9 (33.6–38.2)
 Indigenous or other visible minority52.4 (43.5–61.4)47.6 (38.6–56.5)
Immigration status
 Born in Canada64.4 (62.0–66.8)35.6 (33.2–37.9)
 Permanent or nonpermanent resident57.3 (51.3–63.2)42.7 (36.7–48.6)
Body mass index
 Normal (18.5–24.9)60.6 (56.1–65.1)39.3 (34.9–43.8)
 Overweight (25.0–29.9)62.0 (58.0–65.9)37.9 (34.0–41.9)
 Obese (≥ 30.0)65.6 (61.8–69.3)34.4 (30.6–38.2)
Moderate or vigorous physical activity, min/wk
 < 150 (inadequate)58.3 (54.5–62.0)41.7 (37.9–45.5)
 ≥ 150 (adequate)66.3 (63.5–69.2)33.7 (30.8–36.5)
Smoking status
 Never smoker65.5 (62.0–68.9)34.5 (31.2–37.9)
 Current smoker (daily or occasional)50.4 (45.2–55.6)49.6 (44.4–54.8)
 Past smoker (daily or occasional)65.9 (61.9–69.8)34.1 (30.2–38.0)
Illicit drug used in previous 12 mo48.4 (39.8–57.1)51.6 (42.9–60.2)
General health
 Poor or fair61.2 (55.4–66.9)38.8 (33.0–44.6)
 Good60.9 (56.8–64.9)39.1 (35.1–43.2)
 Very good65.3 (61.8–68.9)34.7 (31.1–38.2)
 Excellent61.2 (55.6–66.8)38.8 (33.2–44.4)
Regular primary care provider68.5 (66.1–70.9)31.5 (29.1–33.9)
Mammogram in previous 2 years (female)71.7 (68.2–75.2)28.3 (24.8–31.7)
  • Note: CI = confidence interval, FOBT = fecal occult blood test (either guaiac fecal occult blood test or fecal immunochemical test).

  • * We considered respondents to be up to date for colorectal cancer screening if they had FOBT in the previous 2 years or colonoscopy or sigmoidoscopy in the previous 5 years.

  • Body mass index was calculated based on the international standard. (24)

  • Physical activity was defined based on Canadian physical activity guidelines. (25)