Table 1:

Patient baseline demographic characteristics

CharacteristicNo. (%) of patients*
n = 101
Age, yr, mean ± SD68.1 ± 15.9
Sex, female56 (55.4)
Race
 White95 (94.1)
 Indigenous5 (5.0)
 Asian1 (1.0)
APACHE II score, mean ± SD24.9 ± 6.8
Location before ICU
 Emergency department49 (48.5)
 Hospital ward37 (36.6)
 Operating room6 (5.9)
 Other (inpatient rehabilitation ward)1 (1.0)
 Other hospital (emergency department or ICU)8 (8.0)
ICU admitting diagnosis
 Cardiovascular or vascular20 (19.8)
 Respiratory38 (37.6)
 Gastrointestinal9 (8.9)
 Neurologic10 (9.9)
 Sepsis13 (12.9)
 Other (e.g., trauma, metabolic)11 (11.0)
Admission category
 Medical91 (90.1)
 Surgical7 (6.9)
 Trauma3 (3.0)
Spiritual belief
 Anglican4 (4.0)
 Baptist8 (7.9)
 Buddhist1 (1.0)
 Catholic14 (13.9)
 Christian4 (4.0)
 Eastern Orthodox1 (1.0)
 Jehovah’s Witness1 (1.0)
 Longhouse1 (1.0)
 Lutheran2 (2.0)
 Pentecostal1 (1.0)
 Protestant7 (6.9)
 United10 (9.9)
 Unknown14 (13.9)
 None indicated33 (32.7)
  • Note: ICU = intensive care unit, SD = standard deviation.

  • * Unless indicated otherwise.