Table 1:

Categorization of well-being domains21

Well-being domainDescriptionExamples
SocialState of well-being in which individuals and communities feel they understand, are a part of, and are accepted by their social environment, and are comfortable expressing their feelings, needs, identities and opinions.16 This includes processes (methods) and outcomes (experiences) of social well-being.Isolation, imposterism, equity, diversity, discrimination, race, religion, ethnicity, family support
MentalState of well-being in which every individual realizes his or her own potential, can cope with the normal stresses of life, can work productively and fruitfully, and is able to make a contribution to her or his community.23Mindfulness, mental health, mental illness or disorder, anger, sadness, emotions
PhysicalPerception and expectation of well-being of an individual’s body, including the active and continuous effort to maintain optimum levels of physical activity and focus on nutrition, as well as self-care and maintenance of a healthy lifestyle.16 This acknowledges physical health and limitations can coexist in a healthy environment.Exercise, physical activity, physical health, nutrition, symptoms of burnout
IntellectualState of well-being in which individuals are enabled to pursue creative, mentally stimulating activities that expand their knowledge, develop skills, and foster life-long learning and teaching, toward a goal of self-actualization.16 This includes processes (how) and outcomes (deliverables) of intellectual well-being.Learning, tools, outcomes, teaching, goals, learning needs
OccupationalProtection and promotion of workers or learners by preventing and controlling occupational diseases and accidents, and by elimination of conditions hazardous to health and safety at work or school, and the development and promotion of healthy and safe work or learning, work or learning environments and organizations.24 This includes processes (responsibilities) and outcomes (trajectories) of occupational well-being.Work, (resident) rotation, job, laboratory, research (assistantship or similar)