Table 1:

Practice- and panel-level confounding variables

No. of physicians in the clinic6,38Physician panel size39,40
Gender of physicians41,42Age of panel39
Location of clinic43No. of patients on multiple panels44
No. of days worked per week45Panel complexity*39,46
No. of female patients39,47
  • * The Canadian Institute of Health Information’s Population Grouper was used to infer patient complexity.48