Table 3:

Odds of psychiatric care and emergency department use within 1 year of the index date

Outcome; groupUnadjusted OR (95% CI)Adjusted OR (95% CI)
Psychiatric care*
Community control1.00 (referent)1.00 (referent)
Priority-population CHC1.47 (1.42–1.52)1.26 (1.20–1.33)
Nonpriority-population CHC1.50 (1.46–1.54)1.47 (1.41–1.53)
Emergency department use
Community control1.00 (referent)1.00 (referent)
Priority-population CHC1.52 (1.47–1.58)1.15 (1.10–1.20)
Nonpriority-population CHC1.13 (1.10–1.16)1.13 (1.09–1.17)
  • Note: CHC = Community Health Centre, CI = confidence interval, OR = odds ratio.

  • * Variables adjusted for: age, sex, income quintile, residential instability, material deprivation, dependency, ethnic concentration, recent immigrant status, rural residence, mental-health–related health care, CHC use in prior 3 years, rostered to family physician at index date (we accounted for clustering of family physician at index date using the STRATA statement in PROC LOGISTIC).

  • Variables adjusted for: as above, and comorbidities in prior 3 years (i.e., chronic liver disease, chronic kidney disease, Crohn disease or ulcerative colitis, rheumatoid arthritis, infective endocarditis), any diagnosis of comorbidity before index date (i.e., asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, diabetes, hypertension, congestive heart failure, HIV infection), comorbidities in prior year (i.e., skin or soft-tissue infection, chronic pain).