Table 2: Adjusted annual trend in diabetes-related emergency department visits and hospital admissions before and after network implementation
Variable*Adjusted rate ratio (95% CI)
Before implementationAfter implementation
Emergency department visits
Overall0.99 (0.97 to 1.01)0.94 (0.93 to 0.95)
Socioeconomic quintile
    Q1 (lowest)1.01 (0.97 to 1.06)0.94 (0.92 to 0.96)
    Q20.98 (0.94 to 1.03)0.95 (0.93 to 0.97)
    Q30.95 (0.91 to 0.99)0.94 (0.92 to 0.96)
    Q40.99 (0.95 to 1.03)0.93 (0.92 to 0.95)
    Q5 (highest)0.99 (0.95 to 1.04)0.93 (0.91 to 0.96)
Geographic location
    Rural1.01 (0.96 to 1.06)0.96 (0.94 to 0.98)
    Urban0.98 (0.96 to 1.00)0.94 (0.93 to 0.95)
Hospital admissions
Overall1.03 (1.01 to 1.06)0.94 (0.93 to 0.95)
Socioeconomic quintile
    Q11.03 (0.97 to 1.09)0.93 (0.91 to 0.95)
    Q21.03 (0.97 to 1.10)0.96 (0.93 to 0.98)
    Q31.08 (1.01 to 1.15)0.93 (0.90 to 0.95)
    Q41.00 (0.94 to 1.07)0.96 (0.93 to 0.99)
    Q51.04 (0.96 to 1.12)0.95 (0.92 to 0.98)
Geographic location
    Rural0.96 (0.89 to 1.03)0.97 (0.94 to 1.01)
    Urban1.05 (1.01 to 1.08)0.94 (0.93 to 0.95)

Note: CI = confidence interval.

*Other variables in the model: sex, age group and the interaction terms fiscal year*network implementation*socioeconomic status and fiscal year*network implementation*geographic location.