Table 6: Summary of cases and proportions of cancer in Alberta adults in 2012 attributable to the consumption of red and processed meat*
Cancer site†TotalMenWomen
Observed cases‡Excess attributable cases§% Attributable¶Observed cases‡Excess attributable cases§% Attributable¶Observed cases‡Excess attributable cases§% Attributable¶
Red meat
All associated cancers**18991819.561416615.4537151.8
All cancers††158361811.181551662.07681150.2
Processed meat
All associated cancers**1899542.91079413.8537131.6
All cancers††15836540.38155410.57681130.2

*Red and processed meat consumption data for Alberta from Alberta's Tomorrow Project cohort, in which a diet history questionnaire was used to estimate the number of ounces of each of red (beef, pork, lamb, veal, venison, liver etc.) and processed (cold cuts, sausage, ham, hot dogs) meat consumed each day.

†Cancer incidence data obtained from the Alberta Cancer Registry. Data from 2012 were used for observed cancer cases for all cancer sites.

‡Number of observed cancer cases in Alberta in 2012 at individual cancer sites.

§Number of cancer cases at individual cancer sites that can be attributed to red and processed meat consumption.

¶Proportion of cancers at individual cancer sites attributable to red and processed meat consumption. Calculated as excess attributable cases/observed cases.

**Represents all cancers with a known association with red and processed meat consumption as listed in table. These values represent colorectal cancer, because colon and rectal cancers are subsets of this type.

††Represents all incident cancers in Alberta in 2012 in all age groups.