Table 1: Description of clinical workforce
ResidentsMedical doctors in a graduate training program, practising under the supervision of fully licensed physicians.
Academic facultyFully licensed physicians with a university appointment and academic focus. Responsibilities include supervision of residents.
International fellowsAdvanced trainees who have often completed training in another accredited system. Supervised by academic faculty.
Nonacademic physiciansFully licensed physicians who primarily do patient care with no required educational responsibility.
Physician extendersNonphysicians trained to aid in clinical care. Examples include physician assistants and nurse practitioners.